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How to Be a Maestro at an AGM in Hong Kong

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annual general meeting hong kong

Turning up at your annual general meeting (AGM) in Hong Kong and turning heads may seem like a daunting task, but, with the right preparations in place, that person who impresses could be you.  

The AGM holds significant importance for a company’s members. During the AGM, members can engage with the company’s directors and management, as well as participate in crucial voting on various matters. In Hong Kong, specific procedures need to be adhered to when organizing an AGM. Additionally, anyone running a company limited by guarantee is bound to receive some insightful insights from some of the facts stated below. So, let’s start with the basics.

AGM and what it entails 

To hold an annual general meeting (AGM) in Hong Kong is a significant yearly gathering that brings together the members or members of a company limited by guarantee. During this pivotal event, crucial decisions concerning the company’s trajectory and prospects for the accounting reference period are deliberated and determined. 

Beyond its decision-making function, the AGM serves as an invaluable platform for members and members to engage with the company’s board of directors, fostering interaction and dialogue. It offers the opportunity to raise inquiries, obtain clarifications, and gain insights directly from the leadership, contributing to a more informed and involved stakeholder community. 

Key objectives of the AGM in Hong Kong

The annual general meeting (AGM) in Hong Kong serves as a crucial platform for addressing significant company matters. These encompass a range of essential activities, such as: 

Approval of Financial Reports:  

Members review and approve the company’s financial report, gaining insight into its financial year’s performance.

Director Elections:  

The AGM facilitates the election of directors who will steer the company’s direction and decision-making. 

Alterations to Articles of Association

Proposed changes to the company’s Articles of Association are discussed and decided upon during the AGM. 

Validation of Acts or Transactions:  

Any acts or transactions that may have raised concerns about legality are ratified or addressed. 

Auditor Reports:  

Reports from the company’s auditors are presented and discussed, offering transparency and accountability. 

Additional Business

The AGM provides a platform for addressing any other relevant business matter brought forth by a member of a company.

The timing of the AGM coincides with the conclusion of the company’s accounting reference period. For a company limited by guarantee, the timeframe is 9 months, while for non-subsidiary private companies, it is 6 months. This meeting is of particular importance for companies, as it is mandated by the Companies Ordinance. 

In cases where holding a physical meeting is not feasible, written resolutions can be utilized as a valid alternative. This ensures that the decision-making process remains intact, even for private companies. 

Additionally, the AGM serves as a window into the company’s financial year, ensuring that all members are well informed about the organization’s performance and future trajectory. It also plays a role in maintaining transparency, accountability, and adherence to regulations outlined by company ordinances.

Essential criteria for conducting an AGM in Hong Kong 

For businesses incorporated in Hong Kong, hosting an annual general meeting (AGM) isn’t just a choice but a mandatory responsibility. This crucial meeting is required by law and offers an avenue for members to actively participate in key company decisions. As per the company ordinance, there are several essential requirements that companies must adhere to when conducting their AGMs. 

The AGM must be convened within six months following the conclusion of the company’s financial year. This stipulated timeline ensures that members have a chance to stay up-to-date with the company’s performance and financial status. Moreover, a minimum of 21 days’ notice must be given to members before the AGM. This affords them ample time to prepare and participate effectively. 

During the AGM, members are empowered to cast their vote on pivotal matters, including the election of directors and the endorsement of financial statements. This voting process grants members an active role in shaping the company’s governance. Moreover, the AGM is an invaluable platform for members to inquire about the company’s strategies, operations, and future trajectories. 

Beyond its role in decision-making, the AGM serves as a crucial arena for members to exercise their rights and monitor the company’s management. It is an opportunity to engage directly with directors and top management, fostering transparency and accountability. 

The notice for the AGM holds paramount importance. It should encompass a comprehensive array of details to ensure clarity and informed participation: 

  • Company’s name  
  • Venue of the meeting  
  • Date, time, and purpose of the AGM  
  • Agenda items for discussion  
  • Proposed resolutions  
  • Names and contact details of directors and company secretary  
  • Allotted time for members’ queries 
  • Any relevant additional information 

The AGM requirement extends to various types of companies, including private entities, single-member companies, and dormant companies. This mandatory annual gathering underscores the significance of member involvement and corporate transparency in Hong Kong’s business landscape.

Exemptions from holding an AGM in Hong Kong 

These exemptions apply to: 

  • Single-member companies are not obligated to hold an AGM. 
  • AGMs can be bypassed through written resolutions or unanimous approval from all entitled members (directors and members). 
  • Dormant companies are also exempt from AGMs. 
  • If all AGM requirements can be fulfilled via written resolution, the AGM can be skipped. 
  • In cases where an AGM isn’t held, necessary documents must be distributed to each member before the scheduled date of the written motion. 

If your company falls under one of these exempt categories, you may not be required to conduct an annual general meeting. Nevertheless, it’s vital to observe all other legal obligations. 

In cases where attendance is not feasible, you have options. You can designate a representative, who should be a member or director of the company, to act on your behalf at the annual general meeting. Alternatively, voting by proxy is permissible, using a form specified by the law. 

You also have the choice to communicate your absence in writing to the company secretary. This written notice should detail your reasons for non-attendance and, if applicable, the identity of your chosen representative. 

The annual general meeting serves as a critical avenue for members to exercise their rights and oversight over the company. It offers an opportunity to engage with directors and management, discussing the company’s performance and prospects. 

Hence, if you’re unable to attend, it’s advisable to appoint a representative or utilize proxy voting. 

Organizing to hold an AGM in Hong Kong 

Step 1: Convene and Conduct a Board Meeting 

Initiate the process by convening a board meeting where the directors gather to establish the date and agenda for the upcoming annual general meeting. 

Step 2: Provide Notice for the Annual General Meeting 

After determining the annual general meeting’s date and agenda, it is essential to notify all members. This notice should encompass the meeting’s specifics, including the date, time, location, and items on the agenda.

Step 3: Conduct the Annual General Meeting 

Ensure the annual general meeting occurs at the designated time and place mentioned in the notice. This meeting is open to all members, granting them the opportunity to actively participate by expressing their thoughts and casting votes on agenda items. 

Step 4: Document Meeting Proceedings 

Record thorough minutes of the annual general meeting, capturing every action taken by members during the event. These minutes should be properly documented and submitted to the corporate secretary for filing and record-keeping. 

Transform with Our Services 

Complying with statutory obligations under the Hong Kong Companies Ordinance is crucial, and we’re here to assist. We provide seasoned company secretary services that ensure your company operates within legal requirements. Our qualified professionals meet the age and residency criteria and hold the necessary licenses for seamless administration. 

Efficient Corporate Meeting Management: Annual general meetings and board meetings can be complex. Our expert team specializes in arranging and conducting these meetings, guiding you through relevant corporate decisions. With our support, you can confidently address crucial matters, ensuring your business’s smooth operation and adherence to regulatory mandates. 

For comprehensive assistance with your company’s legal and administrative needs, contact us today. Our team is ready to provide you with tailored solutions that work best for your business’s success. 


Q1. What role does the company secretary play in an AGM?

A: The company secretary plays a crucial role in AGMs by ensuring legal compliance, preparing necessary documentation, and overseeing the meeting's proper conduct in accordance with regulations.

Q2. How does an AGM benefit members and the company?

A: AGMs allow members to exercise their rights, vote on critical decisions, and raise concerns. For the company, AGMs provide transparency, accountability, and a platform to communicate with members.

Q3. Can I appoint a representative to attend the AGM on my behalf?

A: Yes, members can appoint a representative, who must be a member or director, to attend the AGM. They can also vote by proxy using a prescribed form.